Overview

Welcome to International Trade. Shipping to more than 90 countries means operating on a global level — understanding and responding to a variety of issues, stakeholders, and priorities. Situations can be triggered by new regulations, food safety legislation, import requirements or standards. But whether the focus is on the regulatory environment impacting production practices or consumer priorities in a foreign market, Almond Board has successfully integrated research, technical expertise and relationships to address a rapidly changing market environment.  Please click a link to the left to learn more!

 

Export Requirements

Tariffs and Duties

Import requirements around the world are always changing. Please view the Summary of Applied Tariffs and Other Trade Measures Applicable to US Almonds
**Note: duty codes are universally harmonized to the first six digits. Tariffs and duties are subject to change.
 

Pre-Export Check Program 

The Pre-Export Check program began on August 1, 2015, and is used for almond consignments shipped to the European Union. Almonds are 1 of only 2 commodities allowed to participate in European Pre-Export Checks program. Consignments shipped to the European Union, accompanied by a Pre-Export Check certificate will be subject to less than 1% import controls. As a direct result of industry participation in this program, aflatoxin detections for consignments shipped to the European Union have fallen to all time record lows.  
 
Click here to learn more about the Pre-Export Check program.
 

Aflatoxin Requirements

Aflatoxin requirements are not standardized and can vary from country to country. Almond Board of California has created a Factsheet that lists aflatoxin requirements by country. Please click here to access the International Aflatoxin Tolerances Factsheet.
 

Free Trade Agreements

All free trade agreements can be found on the U.S. Trade Representative web page. Please click here for more information.  
 

Free Trade Agreements in Force 

 
 

Current Negotiations

  • Transatlantic Trade & Investment Partnership (TTIP): TTIP is currently being negotiated between the United States and the European Union
  • North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): First rounds of negotiations will begin in August 2017 between the United States, Canada, and Mexico
  • Korea and U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS): The U.S. has requested a special session with South Korea regarding the KORUS FTA. 
 
 
 
Resources

Position Report

Each month, Almond Board of California publishes a position report, which contains the most recent almond trade statistics. Reference these reports to get the latest shipment information and understand the trends impacting the almond industry.  The reports follow the Almond Board’s crop year (August 1 to July 31) which aligns with the almond crop production cycle. August, the beginning of harvest, marks the beginning of each new crop year and the following July position report rounds out the final shipment numbers for each year.
 
Click here to access the most recent Position Report.
 
 

Global Update

Almond Board, Global Technical & Regulatory Affairs (GTRA) team is constantly following the most up to date information that could affect the supply chain of almonds.  Whether the issues affect growers domestically or handlers internationally, GTRA stays on top of it.  Read the monthly Global Update newsletter to understand the most pertinent issues that are affecting almonds global market access.
 
Click here to access the Global Update newsletter.
 
 

U.S. Department of Agriculture Global Agricultural Information Network Reports Database

Do you need local information on a country?  Search the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) database to get the latest in-country news.
 
Click here to learn more.
 
 

U.S. Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service

Find a local U.S. Department of Agriculture office in the country you are researching by using the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service office database.
 
Click here to access the database.
 
 

Codex Alimentarius

The Codex Alimentarius, or "Food Code" is a collection of standards, guidelines, and codes of practice adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. The Commission, also known as CAC, is the central part of the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme and was established by FAO and WHO to protect consumer health and promote fair practices in food trade. 
 
Click Here to access the Codex Alimentarius website
 
 

Crop Protection and Pesticide Reporting

The almond industry has been a leader in the responsible use of pesticides, funding considerable research since 1973 that has led to an industry-wide reduction in the use of pesticides and more emphasis on alternative integrated pest management (IPM) practices.
 
In addition, California's pesticide use reporting program is recognized as the most comprehensive in the world. In 1990, California became the first state to require full reporting of agricultural pesticide use in response to demands for more realistic and comprehensive pesticide use data. Under the program, all agricultural pesticide use must be reported monthly to county agricultural commissioners, who in turn, report the data to California Department of Pesticide Regulation. The Pesticide Use Report is available in several formats.  
 
Click Here to access the pesticide usage database
 
 

Global Maximum Residue Level Database

The International Maximum Residue Level (MRL) Database provides a list of MRL tolerances by active ingredient and export market. This database is free to all US users. Click Here to access the Global MRL database. 
 
 
 
European Union

Market Overview

  • #1 export region for California Almonds in FY16/17.
  • ABC has invested in market development activities in the EU for more than 15 years. ABC’s EU market development activities budget averaged more than $4.6 million per year, during the past 10 years.
  • The EU has been a consistently strong export region for many years, even as the price of almonds has grown over time, thus showing strong and growing inelastic demand.
 
 

Shipping Information

 

Exporting Information

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, publishes several reports on an annual basis. Some of the reports include: 
  • Exporter Guides
  • FAIRS Reports
  • Data & Analytics
Learn more about each country in the EU by clicking here.
 

Reference Materials & Memos

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Contacts

The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security. In addition to its Washington, D.C. staff, FAS has a global network of 93 offices covering 171 countries. These offices are staffed by agricultural attachés and locally hired agricultural experts who are the eyes, ears, and voice for U.S. agriculture around the world.
 
Click here to be taken to the FAS office directory.
 
 
India

Market Overview

  • California Almonds 3rd largest export market in FY 16/17.
  • ABC has invested in market development activities in India for more than 15 years. ABC’s India market development activities budget averaged $3.4 million per year, during the past 10 years.
  • A 386% year-on-year increase of shipments to Pakistan indicates the influence of indirect shipments to India.
 
 

Shipping Information

 

Exporting Information

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, publishes several reports on an annual basis. Some of the reports include: 
  • Exporter Guides
  • FAIRS Reports
  • Data & Analytics
Learn more about India by clicking here.
 

Reference Materials & Memos

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Contacts

The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security. In addition to its Washington, D.C. staff, FAS has a global network of 93 offices covering 171 countries. These offices are staffed by agricultural attachés and locally hired agricultural experts who are the eyes, ears, and voice for U.S. agriculture around the world. 
 
Click here to be taken to the FAS office directory.
 
 
China/Hong Kong

Market Overview

  • California Almond’s #2 export market in FY 16/17.
  • ABC has invested in market development activities in China for more than 15 years. ABC’s China market development budget averaged more than $6 million per year, during the past 10 years.
  • Rapid urbanization and increasing consumption power in emerging city markets spurring food retail development and increasing demand for high quality, nutritious food.
 
 

Shipping Information

 

Exporting Information

 The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, publishes several reports on an annual basis. Some of the reports include: 
  • Exporter Guides
  • FAIRS Reports
  • Data & Analytics
Learn more about China by clicking here.
 

Reference Materials & Memos

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Contacts

The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security. In addition to its Washington, D.C. staff, FAS has a global network of 93 offices covering 171 countries. These offices are staffed by agricultural attachés and locally hired agricultural experts who are the eyes, ears, and voice for U.S. agriculture around the world. 
 
Click here to be taken to the FAS office directory.
 
 
South Korea

Market Overview

  • Although there has been a relative decline in shipments since 2014/2015, the U.S. maintains about 99% market share in South Korea.
  • ABC has maintained a marketing presence in South Korea for the last 10 years. ABC has allocated approximately $2.5 million toward marketing in South Korea in FY 2017/2018.
  • South Korea was the fourth-largest importer of California Almonds in FY 16/17.
 
 
 

Shipping Information

 

Exporting Information

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service, publishes several reports on an annual basis. Some of the reports include:  
  • Exporter Guides
  • FAIRS Reports
  • Data & Analytics
Learn more about South Korea by clicking here.
 

Reference Materials & Memos

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Contacts

The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security. In addition to its Washington, D.C. staff, FAS has a global network of 93 offices covering 171 countries. These offices are staffed by agricultural attachés and locally hired agricultural experts who are the eyes, ears, and voice for U.S. agriculture around the world. 
 
Click here to be taken to the FAS office directory 
 
 
Other Markets

Brazil

  • Brazil was ABC's third-largest South American market in 2016/2017.
  • Recent economic and political turbulence, as well as increased prices, contributed to decreased shipments between crop year 2014/15 and 2015/16. YTD (Aug-May) shipments have already exceeded FY 2015/16 for the same period by 400%.
  • Chile serves as a major source of Brazil's imports of both Chilean and re-exported California Almonds, given their advantageous trade relationship with the United States. In 2014/15 and 2015/16, Brazil made up for its loss in direct U.S. imports by relying heavily on imports from Chile.
 
 

Indonesia

  • Indonesia imported an average of 2.3 million pounds a year for the past 5 crop years (Aug-Jul).
  • ABC conducted in-market exploratory research in Jakarta and Medan in May 2017 with a view to access opportunities for initial almond promotion activities.
  • With a population of 257.6 million, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world.
 
 

Japan

  • Japan imported an average 6.6 million lbs. of shelled and inshell almonds between 2011/2012 and 2015/2016.
  • Although ABC has not invested in Japan in more than 5 years, California Almonds are an established presence. ABC will invest $425,000 in Japan for FY 2017/18.
  • Japan's economy has benefited from preferential trade terms with China considering the recent political tension between China and South Korea, posting five consecutive quarters of GDP growth for the first time since 2006.
 
 

Mexico

  • Despite early economic uncertainty due in part to the U.S. presidential election, economists still anticipate modest positive GDP growth for 2017 in Mexico. 
  • As of April 2017, Mexico has already surpassed its 5-year average of 14.7 million lbs. with year-to-date shipments total of 15.3 million.
  • ABC conducted in-market exploratory research in Mexico City and Monterrey in January 2017.
 
 
 
Shipments Statistics
The below statistics are published once a month with the position report. Unlike the position report, these reports have more in depth information for the last five years by key region.
 

World Overview

 

Asia

 

Middle East

 

Europe

 

Contact Us
Almond Board of California is constantly monitoring technical and regulatory issues on a global scale.  If you have a question or suggestion for content on this web page please email us.
 
Almond Board of California
1150 Ninth Street, Suite 1500
Modesto, CA 95354
USA
Telephone: (209) 549-8262
Fax: (209) 549-8267