AMS - Agricultural Marketing Service

USDA Agricultural Marketing Service administers programs that facilitate the efficient, fair marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops

APEC - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim countries (formally Member Economies) that seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation throughout the Asia-Pacific region

APHIS - Animal and Planet Health Inspection Service

USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is a multi-faceted Agency with a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health, regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities

CCC - California Conservation Corps

California Conservation Corps - State agency hiring young men and women for a year of natural resource work and emergency response.

CDFA - California Department of Food and Agriculture

California Department of Food and Agriculture protects and promotes California's agriculture by ensuring California's farmers and ranchers produce a safe, secure supply of food, fiber, and shelter and that these commodities are marketed fairly for all Californians and produced with responsible environmental stewardship

DPR - Department of Pesticide Residues

California Department of Pesticide Residues is charged with protecting human health and the environment by regulating pesticide sales and use and by fostering reduced-risk pest management in California

EMP - Emerging Markets Program

Emerging Markets Program funding from USDA provides funding for technical assistance activities to promote exports of U.S. agricultural commodities and products to emerging markets

EPA - Environmental Protection Agency

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for protecting human health and the environment in the U.S.

FAS - Foreign Agriculture Service

USDA Foreign Agricultural Service links U.S. agriculture to the world to enhance export opportunities and global food security

FMD - Foreign Market Development Program

Foreign Market Development Program aids in the creation, expansion, and maintenance of long-term export markets for U.S. agricultural products. Under the program, USDA partners with U.S. agricultural producers and processors, who are represented by non-profit commodity or trade associations called “cooperators,” to promote U.S. commodities overseas

FSMA - Food Safety Modernization Act

Food Safety and Modernization Act gives FDA a mandate to pursue a system that is based on science and addresses hazards from farm to table, putting greater emphasis on preventing food-borne illness

FSSAI - Food Safety and Standard Authority of India

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India has been established under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which consolidates various acts & orders that have hitherto handled food related issues in various Ministries and Departments. FSSAI has been created for laying down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption

FVO - Europmean Union Food and Veterinary Office

European Union Food and Veterinary Office verifies food safety health legislation within the EU and on compliance with EU import requirements in third countries exporting to the EU; contributes to the development of European Community policy in the food safety, contributes to the development and implementation of effective control systems, and informs stakeholders of the outcome of its audits and inspections

MAP - Market Access Program

Market Access Program Funding from USDA helps U.S. producers, exporters, private companies, and trade organizations finance overseas marketing and promotional activities such as trade shows, market research, consumer promotions, technical assistance, trade servicing, and educational seminars

MFN - Most Favored Nation

Most Favored Nation status applied to all WTO members. The applied MFN tariff is the highest tariff one WTO member may charge another member. The U.S. has free trade agreements with several countries meaning that its products are subject to a tariff rate lower than the MFN rate

MRL - Maximum Residue Limit

Maximum Residue Limit for pesticides, also known as tolerances in the U.S. can be found here:

PPO - Propylene Oxide

Propylene Oxide is used as a fumigant on almonds to meet the pasteurization rule in North America and as an effective tool in preventing pest introduction in foreign markets. Currently, it does not have an established limit in Codex or the EU

TASC - Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops

Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops funding from USDA provides funding to U.S. organizations for projects that address sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical barriers that prohibit or threaten the export of U.S. specialty crops

TRQ - Tariff Rate Quota

Tariff Rate Quota is a quota for a volume of imports at a lower tariff. After the quota is reached, a higher tariff is applied on additional imports

VASP - Voluntary Aflatoxin Sampling Plan

Voluntary Aflatoxin Sampling Plan program - participation in the program reduces the level of aflatoxin inspection and controls for consignments shipped to EU member countries

WTO - World Trade Organization

World Trade Organization is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business